Types of Cold Storage Buildings
Cold storage buildings are categorized according to their storage temperature, size, and functionalities. The two most common types for industrial uses are listed below:
A refrigerated panel (metal) building designed primarily for cold storage.
A cooler/freezer structure built inside an existing warehouse.
Cold storage facility managers must prioritize space optimization to succeed in a competitive market where land and construction costs are ever increasing.
As an example, to achieve 5,000 pallet positions, the following requirements must be met:
1. A facility with 45,000 SF of warehouse space
32' clear in the warehouse
30' clear in the new freezer
Don't Break the Cold Chain
We recommend our clients separate freezers from rooms and loading areas with ambient temperatures using coolers as ice buildup can occur when warm air comes into contact with freezing temperatures. This is because the warm air contains moisture, which can condense and freeze on surfaces that are at or below freezing temperatures, such as the walls, floors, and ceiling of a freezer.
When warm air enters a freezer building, it can also cause temperature fluctuations, which can lead to uneven cooling and create areas of the freezer that are warmer than others. This can cause ice buildup in some areas and lead to freezer burn and other quality issues for the stored products.
In addition to utilizing coolers to prevent ice buildup in freezer buildings, it is also important to properly seal the building and maintain a consistent temperature throughout. This can be achieved through the use of high-quality insulation, efficient temperature control systems, and proper air circulation. Regular maintenance and cleaning of the freezer and its components can also help to prevent ice buildup and ensure optimal performance.
A refrigerated dock, also known as a refrigerated loading dock or a temperature-controlled dock, is a specialized area within a cold storage building or warehouse where temperature-sensitive goods can be loaded or unloaded while maintaining the desired temperature range.
Refrigerated docks typically have specialized dock doors and seals that help to maintain a consistent temperature inside the loading area. The dock area may also be equipped with refrigeration or air conditioning units to ensure that the temperature is maintained during loading and unloading activities.